Culture Supplement

Commemoration of historical events - civic and institutional obligation

Tobacco Monopoly facility in Tivar

Tobacco Monopoly facility in Tivar

In countries with a democratic culture, the commemoration of historical events, both at the local and national level, represents a moment of reflection for the citizens of the relevant environment, where their contribution is made by individuals, civil society and especially the relevant local or state institutions, while the exception is countries unconsolidated which are not committed to such events, where as a typical case we have the non-marking of the 79th anniversary of the massacre of Tivari (April 1, 1945) by the governmental institutions of Albania and Kosovo, as well as the media, an action which cannot justified by nothing

Every time spring comes, and especially April 1, for Albanians it represents a special emotional moment, because on this date, in 1945, the Tivar massacre took place in the Tobacco Monopoly in Tivar, where hundreds of Albanians from Kosovo were killed, who were mobilized from Kosovo, to participate in combat operations against the German Nazis in the west of the former Yugoslavia. This was a political deception by the Yugoslav leaders, who from February 8, 1945 had established military administration in Kosovo and aimed to cleanse Kosovo.  from the Albanians, who could be mobilized in the war against them. And from the mobilization of the second echelon, which numbered 4.700 people, on March 26 it traveled  from Prizren-Kukësi-Vau i Dejës-Shkodër to Tivar on March 31.

In this journey, the Albanians were unarmed, they looked like prisoners of war, they were escorted by guards from the Slavs, while walking along the road they were mistreated, beaten and killed, where the finale happened on April 1, 1945. After an incident, they were placed in The Tobacco Monopoly in Tivar. The regular military troops of the tenth Montenegrin Brigade, who have participated in this massacre  hunted with all means of warfare, where hundreds of Albanians died. Regarding the number of people killed, it has been proven that  at least they lost their lives  1.560 people and that number can be higher, reaching up to 3.764 people. Such a conclusion is given by the various sources published for the opinion after 1990 and the eyewitnesses who were lucky enough to remain alive.

The first scientific conference

About this tragedy in the time of monism, it was not dared to speak or write that the consequences were great. Any information was kept silent, because the communist policy of the time had as its mission the elimination of crimes by not publishing them, but  the truth could not be silenced.

Only after the fall of monism, the survivors, as well as some researchers, have begun to write articles and special publications, and television shows have also been prepared.

In relation to this tragic event, the National Council of Albanians in Montenegro, in Ulcinj, on March 30-31, 2013, organized the scientific conference "Tivari Massacre-1945", with the participation of researchers  from Kosovo, Albania and Montenegro. After the presentation of the press releases for this event (which have not yet been published)  the participants then went to visit the Tobacco Monopoly crime scene (March 31). This was the first meeting of the representatives of an Albanian entity where the former survivors of this massacre from Kosovo also participated, authentically witnessing the experiences of this tragedy.

Memorial –  monument of memory

Since there is no information about this massacre at the place of the event, everything must be done to erect a memorial written in three languages ​​dedicated to this tragic event. Such a memorial should be a monument of memory, for the past, present and future to inform the general public about this massacre that happened in the city of Tivar. In new circumstances, when Kosovo is now an independent state, it is up to its government to initiate such a case with the authorities in Montenegro.

The tragic event of 1945 cannot hold the current government in Montenegro responsible for shedding light on this massacre and confronting the past, because even after  For 79 years, there is no information about the graves of the victims of this massacre. 

In new social circumstances, history must be rewritten and the truth told about this tragedy, eliminating the ideological approach that is present even today. In this respect, it is a professional obligation to research the secret archives of the Yugoslav UDB, for  removed  mortgages from the ideological past, which will be in favor of scientific factography as everywhere in the democratic world.

Edition on the occasion of the 75th anniversary

On the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the massacre of Tivari (2020), the author of this article, seeing the non-commitment of institutions in Kosovo and Albania, to mark this jubilee, with a scientific session or special publication, has published the book "Massacre of Tivarit-genocide against the Albanians", which presents a compilation of articles by various authors about this massacre, which took place in a country where there were no combat operations, because such operations here had ended by the end of November 1944. This was a modest contribution to noted and commemorated the opinion about this massacre against the Albanians of Kosovo, where the responsibility, in addition to the Yugoslav government, is also held by the government of the time in Albania.

Lecture for primary and secondary schools

If until 1990, at the time of monism, both in Albania and the former Yugoslavia, the commemoration of this tragic event against the Albanians was prohibited and with consequences, after this year with the approval of pluralism, the silence or neglect of the massacre of Tivar cannot be justified. with nothing. It should be a special lesson in the textbook in the subject of history for both primary and secondary schools, being a message for our time and the future, to understand the challenges and survival of Albanians in their ethnogeographic space.  If in the time of monism, for not only ideological reasons, this massacre was not highlighted in school textbooks, now in pluralism it is a professional obligation, to understand the crimes of the Yugoslav government against the Albanians! Because the truth must be explained to the students, without prejudice, where the school, namely education, has such a mission.

Next year is the 80th anniversary of the massacre

And in the end, we can only hope that next year, when it will be the 80th anniversary of this tragic event, the governmental and scientific institutions, both in Kosovo and Albania, will be committed to marking this anniversary with a scientific conference, which will it was as a tribute to all the victims of this massacre. Any hesitation in this direction cannot be justified by anything, because our work is not done for us by others!