OpEd

Not "the end of history", but "the continuation of politics by other means"

The reconfiguration of geopolitics requires the reconfiguration of Albanian interrelated policies (we are talking about all the Albanian regions). Therefore, beyond the internal Albanian political incompetence on all sides, to blame with the jargon that, "everything that is mentioned about the war is a distraction, or a deliberate escape from internal problems", is not a clear judgment and assessment, it even seems dangerously

Enthusiasm for the "end of history" ala Francis Fukuyama has already been buried. The rise and temporary glory of neoliberalism after the collapse of the communist ideology and the unconditional embrace of this political-economic concept by almost the majority of nations and states in the world are phenomena that happened to empires or religious movements in the times of their decline. But it has never meant that the teaching of an ideology or system has always proceeded uniformly. Western liberal democracy, according to Francis Fukuyama, is the final form of human governance across the globe. But the lessons of history prove otherwise. Everything is in unstoppable competition (we are not using the word war), which is developed by various means: from the competition of ideas and their materialization, to military competition. The whole process of competition between ideas, goals and means can be explained on the basis of evolution. So, there is no "end of history", but a continuation of the evolutionary process of ideas and policies that are in antagonistic positions, which constantly create new realities and conditions. It is no coincidence that in this time of geopolitical turbulence appearing in the log of battles, the doctrines of Sun Tzu, Carl von Clausewitz, or Machiavelli are being carefully reviewed.

The slumber of Western societies after the triumph over the antipodes led by communist ideology lasted so long that yesterday's former competitors challenged the West even more dangerously than before when they were facing each other. After the Second World War, the West was proactive in defending its values ​​and was on the attack to defeat the other order based on opposite values ​​of liberalism, pluralism, free trade, the concept of human rights, etc. Meanwhile, the West is in decadence. Painful to admit, but the diagnosis is just that. Initiatives are now being taken by precisely those countries that have assumed the role of antagonism towards neoliberalism and democracy and have managed to challenge it, not with the soft power of economy and culture, but with force, behind which the others come. After slumbering for the past three decades, the West and the values ​​represented by democracy and neoliberalism in all continents are being challenged by states that are striving for a new world order for the division of areas of interest, and why not the overthrow of the whole what is embodied with the West. The signs of a post-America reconfiguration and the strengthening of illiberal democracies have been predicted exactly almost two decades ago by Fared Zakaria and other researchers.

The position of Albanians in South-East Europe is closely related to the block of Western democracies. However, this does not mean that we remain sleepy. It is necessary to see, to put it bluntly, beyond the sleepiness of the allies. We are witnessing the discourse that is always recommended in the United Nations Organization and in all international forums, that: there is no military solution, only political... that the issue of the majority Albanians of Kosovo must be solved only by peaceful means, that This issue must be resolved only through peaceful means, that there is no other solution than dialogue... That the issue of the dissolution of Yugoslavia must be resolved only through dialogue... And we have seen and experienced the results. Realpolitik has acted and acts according to the logic of action and the dialogue is always, without a doubt, in the post-final round... More or less this is what the Prussian Carl von Clausewitz has shown almost two centuries ago.

The reconfiguration of geopolitics requires the reconfiguration of Albanian interrelated policies (we are talking about all the Albanian regions). Therefore, beyond the internal Albanian political incompetence on all sides, to blame with the jargon that, "everything that is mentioned about the war is a distraction, or a deliberate escape from internal problems", is not a clear judgment and assessment, it even seems dangerously. We should not play the role of the useful fool at a time when our northern neighbor is arming himself as best he can. In fact, on the continent of Europe, no country officially has such reports of open conflict as Kosovo has in relation to Serbia, when the latter, both in its Constitution and in its claims, considers Kosovo as an integral part of it. , which he tries to bring back when he considers it the right time. The war for territories in Ukraine has broken all predictions that in the Europe of the twenty-first century there can be no war, let alone a war on the scale of the Second World War. Unfortunately, history has taught us that the actions and intentions of a state or nation against another state or nation are not stopped by words, but by actions. The English and French appeals to Hitler not to attack Czechoslovakia at that time were not stopped with words. Not even when Poland, with its soul in its throat, faced with the Nazi monster, hoped that the allies would keep their word, mainly Great Britain, that in the event that it was attacked by Nazi Germany, it would jump into immediate defense. Even the myopia of the liberal countries of that world had gone as far as if they did not want to see how Nazi Germany was armed, which only a decade earlier they had challenged with surrender.

We Albanians (but not only) have experienced first-hand the time of tectonic fluctuations of regional and world geopolitics. 112 years ago, surely most of the Albanians who were under the Ottoman Empire would not have imagined that its withdrawal would expose them so mercilessly to the aggressor neighbors who claimed the Albanian lands. Unprepared and scattered, point five, caused more than half of the lands to be exposed to ethnic cleansing, murder and genocide from Podujeva and Kumanova to Ioannina. Fortunately, today our position is and can be much more favorable and consolidated: better prepared for the creation of new geopolitical and military circumstances. The military preparation of the northern neighbor, Serbia, is preparation for waiting for the moment, for which moment we must also be prepared. And we should be. The numerous rumors in the media that "Serbia is arming itself" must be rationalized with our concrete actions. In the end, lamentations and complaints do not stop the northern neighbor from his goals. Today, in the region called the Balkans, we are as much as the Serbs... Without noise, without euphoria, without fear, but with work and internal and external consolidation, with historical and geostrategic friends and allies. Still confident. After all, the creation of balances of power best preserves the peace, as it preserves the mountain.