If Europe could do it, so can the Middle East

The Israeli and Palestinian groups that would be most receptive to immediate change are likely to be swayed by Israeli women, youth, and Arabs, most of whom have cared for survivors of the October 7 attack and engaged in other activities. citizenship with Israel. Climate activists, environmentalists, public health authorities and other professionals who cross national borders are also natural allies. Supporters of sustainable peace must organize and finance new social movements and political coalitions. Is this a bite that sticks in the throat? Maybe. But without a compelling and reliable strategy for tomorrow, tomorrow may never come. Europe overcame two millennia of wars fueled by deep ethnic, religious, political and cultural divisions to create a new political entity. So, so can the Middle East

In 1951, just six years after World War II, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany signed the Treaty of Paris establishing the European Coal and Steel Community.

This was a remarkable achievement considering that France and Germany had fought three major wars between 1870 and 1945, leading to millions of deaths, the destruction of lands and cities, and territorial seizures by both sides. Even decades later, my Belgian mother, who fled the German occupation of Belgium as a child with her mother and brother, shuddered every time she saw a German customs uniform. However, these former enemies agreed to pool their coal and steel productions in ways that would prevent them from producing weapons that would be used against each other again.